The National Minimum Wage
Most countries have a national minimum wage in some form: in some it is regulated on a monthly basis, but in others a daily or hourly basis. In our survey of 41 countries, a minority do not have a national minimum wage but in most of the countries surveyed in which that was the case, collective bargaining agreements intervened to compensate.
Our Social Security guide sets out the differences between social security contributions over 38 countries. As you will see from the graph at the beginning of the guide, the highest employer payments were 45% of a worker’s salary, in France. We found that Western democracies often had high employer contributions, but not necessarily: UK and US contributions are relatively low. By contrast, some former Soviet countries had high levels and the same is true of certain South American jurisdictions. In terms of employee contributions, the picture is very varied and this is reflected in the graph. The highest contributions were in the Netherlands, at some 27%.
New US State law (Florida) addresses status of workers in ride-sharing industry
As ‘gig’ work (generally, freelancers working through on-line platforms, such as Uber and Lyft) continues to increase in popularity, US courts and regulatory agencies have struggled with how to fit this new ‘virtual’ workforce into a legal framework originally established to protect workers employed in a traditional brick and mortar environment. A primary point of contention has been whether these workers should be classified as employees or whether they are properly treated as independent contractors.
The double burden: Russia and the GDPR
The General Data Protection Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2016/679) (‘GDPR’) formally enters into effect on 25 May 2018. Although the GDPR will not have a direct effect on Russia, as a non-EU Member State, it will impact the operations of multinational businesses in Russia and Russian businesses abroad. Anastasia Petrova, Associate at Alrud, unpacks how the jurisdictional scope and legal requirements under both the GDPR and under Russian data protection legislation could result in obligations on international companies. The article was first published in Data Protection Leader magazine, June 2017.
Swedish midwife takes case to European Court of Human Rights
Having exhausted the legal routes in Sweden, a midwife who refused to carry out abortions for religious reasons has recently taken her case to the European Court of Human Rights. It will be interesting to see how it plays out.